Living someplace off the city water system doesn’t mean you can’t have an effective sewage treatment and or drinking water option. Your septic service can take on the task and deliver what you need. It takes a cue from nature to make sure it gets done right.
The Components of Your Septic Installation
If you don’t have city water, your system begins with the well that will supply water to your home. There are three primary types used which include:
- Dug wells
- Driven wells
- Drilled wells
Differences Between the Well Types
The name refers to the method used to create the well. Generally, the deeper it is, the safer the water coming from it. The geology of your area determines what kind you’ll have and its depth.
The Well Design
Your well has a casing made of concrete, PVC, or steel within the hole that will brace it and keep it from collapsing. A cap and screen will prevent debris from getting into it to avoid the contamination of your drinking water.
The Septic Tank System
If you have city water, but not sewage, then you will only have a septic tank. Pipes from your home will lead to the septic tank. Its purpose is to contain sewage leaving your household to keep it until is can breakdown the toxins and keep it from contaminating other parts of your yard.. It holds the discharge long enough to start the settling and decomposition processes.
The Settling Pond in Action
A layer of sludge will form within the septic tank as heavier, undissolved particles fall to the bottom to create this solid stratum. A filter within the unit will contain these materials while allowing the liquid to leave through another pipe to the distribution box.
Distribution Box and Drainage Field
Additional piping from the distribution box leads to a system of drainage tiles that will deposit in the field. Its size depends on the soil type and number of bedrooms in the home, which are an indication of the volume of effluent. Sandy soils will drain faster than loam or clay.
Bacteria at Work
Septic tank cleaning occurs with the bacteria in the discharge within the receptacle that starts the decomposition process. The sewage leaving the container undergoes further breakdown when it gets to the drainage field. The key to keeping the system working is to minimize agitation in the tank that can disrupt its work. If the bacteria is working properly, you should not need to call for septic service or repair other than scheduled maintenance.
Eventually, the treated effluent percolates down into the soil and back to the aquifer. Along the way, the earth filters it with more bacteria acting on organic and inorganic materials. The design is straightforward and effective and not unlike the way a wetlands treats heavy metals and other contaminants.
How to Keep Your Septic Tank System Working Properly
There are several things you can do as a homeowner to keep everything running smoothly. First, use water wisely to avoid taxing the well. Fix any faucet leaks to minimize waste and use aerators to control how much you use.
Watch What Goes Down the Drain
Searching the internet for “septic service or repair near me” usually means you’ve run into trouble. One of the best ways to keep your septic tank costs low is to watch what goes down the drain.
It’s also essential not to dump anything in the sink that could interfere with the beneficial bacteria that are decomposing the waste. That means no hazardous materials or solid matter going down the drain that could kill off the microbes.
Controlling the Lint
You should also have a lint filter on your washing machine. It will capture the synthetic fibers from your clothes and other materials and prevent them from going into the septic tank. The bacteria can handle the breakdown of organic matter but are less effective with inorganic compounds.
Your system will need periodic septic tank pumping. The frequency depends on the size of your household, water usage, and the system with smaller ones requiring service more often than larger ones. A well-maintained system will last up to 30 years or more.
Even with regular maintenance, there’s always the chance you could encounter an issue with your septic system. Never avoid an issue, even if you think it’s small. If you think you need your septic tank pumped, give us a call, we are happy to help.